Pronunciation of regular past tense endings

Struggling with regular past tense verb pronunciation?

You’re not alone.

I often come across students who have trouble with the silent “e” in words like “walked” and knowing that it is actually a “t” sound at the end of this word.

“Walked” is actually pronounced:

“Walkt”

It’s a one syllable word (remember that syllables are the sounds that vowels make. You can count the syllables by how many times your mouth opens and closes. Put your hand under your mouth and say “walked” if you open your mouth once to pronounce this word then you are saying it correctly. If your jaw drops twice, it’s incorrect.

There are 3 possible sounds that are used for past tense pronunciation for regular past tense verbs.

Pronunciation 1: “t” sound

Used with voiceless sound. A voiceless sound is made with air, almost like a whisper. Verbs with voiceless sounds in their base form (ask) will have a “T” sound in the past tense form (asked = askt).

Voiceless consonants = made with air

H

T

Sh

P

F,

K,

S,

Th

Example:

    • Asked (askt)

Pronunciation 2: “d” sound

A voiced sound uses your vocal chords to create a vibration. Verbs with voiced sounds in their base form (prepare) will have a “d” sound in the past tense form (prepared = prepaird).

Voiced consonants;

M

B

Zh

v

G

Z

J

Th

L

M

N

R

Example:

  • Prepared (prepaird)

Pronunciation 3: “id”

Your third sound is a bit easier to identify.  If the original verb ends in a “t” or “d” the past tense pronunciation will have that extra syllable and the “ed” sound.

Example:

Visit (ends in a T)

Visited = pronounced “visit-id”

Need (ends in D)

Needed = pronounced “need-id”

I hope this helped!

-Sweet C

For more examples, check out this link

https://www.espressoenglish.net/105-regular-verbs-with-ed-in-the-past/

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *